What is ENT?
An otolaryngologist is an ENT specialist who specializes in everything related to the ear, nose and throat parts of the body. It started in the 19th century when the doctors found out that the nose, ear and throat have a delicately connected system that needs special knowledge.
What do ENT specialists treat?
The ENT specialist treat the following-
- The ears
The absolute field of activity of the otolaryngologist is the treatment of ear diseases. They have received training in the medical and surgical treatment of hearing, ear infections, imbalances, tinnitus, nerve pain, and facial and cranial nerve diseases. They also handle congenital (birth) diseases of the outer and inner ears.
- The nose
Approximately thirty-five million people suffer from chronic sinusitis every year. Taking care of the sinuses and nasal cavity is one of the ruling abilities of an otolaryngologist. Treatment of the nasal region covers allergies and smell. It is also part of the experience of ENT specialist.
- The throat
Communication (speaking and singing) and eating are incorporated in this significant area. Otolaryngologists also have experience in treating disorders of the larynx and upper gastrointestinal or oesophagus, including sound and swallowing dysfunctions.
- The neck and the head
This capital of the body contains vital nerves that manage vision, smell, face and hearing. In the neck and head, otolaryngologists get trained in the treatment of infectious diseases, benign (mild) and malignant (fatal) (cancer) tumours, facial injury and deformities. They also do face cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery.
Procedures executed by the otolaryngologist are –
Treatment by an otolaryngologist may include medications in the form of tablets or drops. It could also cover the surgery if required. ENT specialist in Rohini can perform different surgeries, including ear, nose, saliva, throat, and larynx surgeries. They can perform cosmetic surgery.
Training and education of an ENT specialist
- The otolaryngologist must first graduate. It can be any subject, but subjects such as biology or chemistry are functional for medical schools.
- Then they must study medicine for four years. The first two years were mainly face-to-face teaching. The third and fourth grades of medical students take turns studying different fields to gain extensive experience and find out what they want to focus on after graduation.
- After studying medicine, the future otolaryngologist completed a five-year specialist training course. They learn everything about ENT from a more experienced doctor.
- Finally, an otolaryngologist must pass a national examination to become a general practitioner.
When should you consult an ENT specialist?
An ENT specialist may be the right doctor to talk about problems related to ear, nose, larynx, head, and throat conditions, including growth, infections and more. (Some otolaryngologists specialize in allergies and their relationship with sinus problems; for some allergies, it is best to see an allergy specialist. You can consult your doctor according to your specific situation).
Contact an otolaryngologist if you suffer from chronic sinusitis. Family doctors play a vital role in diagnosing and treating all types of health problems, including sinusitis. If you have a case of sinusitis, it makes otolaryngologists the right person to discuss chronic sinus problems. Therefore, if you have persistent sinusitis, you may be transferred for treatment by an otolaryngologist.
Ear, nose, or throat dysfunction can severely affect your quality of life. In some cases, urgent medical care may be required. It should be considered that while some otolaryngologists can safely treat any nose, ear, and throat disease, other otolaryngologists are more specialized. When you go to a specialist, be prepared to discuss your symptoms. More ears, nose and throat diseases include hearing loss, dizziness, heartburn, and ear, nose, and throat cancer.